Full Form Of EWS – What is EWS Certificate And How To Apply

Today we will know what is the full form of EWS. Apart from this, know how to apply for EWS, and what is its age limit to take admission in school.

It is actually called Economically weaker section. So let’s know the information related to this word with full detail so that your every question / doubt becomes clear.


The full form of EWS is “Economically Weaker Sections”. It is a term used to refer to citizens or families who have incomes below a certain Dalit status. Although there may be other economic factors in deciding the economic weakness of citizens / families, income is a major criterion.

In the public policy domain, the term would be appreciated in the context of the Preamble to the Constitution of India, which judges socially, economically and politically.

This classification as EWS is different from other categories like “disadvantaged sections” which belong to SC / ST / other socially backward classes. However, the definition of EWS can also be classified as “Below Poverty Line (BPL)”.

There is no concrete definition for Economically Weaker Sections in India. In addition, the state and central governments may set different criteria to decide the status of EWS.

The Government periodically reviews and then fixes the level of the income ceiling to keep it relevant and contemporary for the economically weaker sections.

Generally the status of EWS is confirmed on the basis of income certificate issued by the Revenue Officer below the rank of Tehsildar, BPL Ration Card.

In some places a legal affidavit for the issue of EWS certificate is taken. The EWS criterion has been formulated separately while giving benefits under education or housing.

What is the eligibility criteria to apply for an EWS Certificate

Who can create an EWS certificate? The government has laid certain eligibility conditions (EWS Reservation Eligibility) for candidates able to claim Reservation under this new EWS category.

You must fulfill all the conditions mentioned below:

1. You must be a ‘general’ category candidate (not under reservation for SC, ST or OBC).
2 . Your family’s total annual income should be less than Rs 8 lac.
3. It includes all methods of earning such as agriculture, salary, business for you before applying.

Who can not apply for an EWS Certificate?

There are so many people whose question comes in the mind that people cannot build. Told you below

1. Your family should not have 5 acres or more of agricultural land.
2 . Your family should not have a Residential Plot of 1000 Feet Square or more.


Those who are under EWS Section or Economically Weaker Section and whose annual income is less than Rs 1 lakh, are eligible to apply for EWS admission. As per the government mandate, all schools have to reserve 25% of their seats for the EWS category.

The final selection of students will be done through the digitized lottery system. But the first step is to register yourself for it. To apply online for EWS, navigate to this link.

NOTE: Online application for EWS is not available in each state and you might need to go for offline process.


You can get EWS certificate from your local government authority, also known as 10 Percent Reservation Certificate. The certificate is actually called ‘Income And Assets Certificate’ and is the proof that is required for Ews Reservation.

There is no online process by the government for obtaining EWS certificate. You need to visit your local tehsil or any other local government office.

You will need other documents like Aadhaar card, PAN card, bank statement, passport size photo. Also, you have to keep Income and Assets Certificate with you.

Authorities that can issue 'Income and Property Certificates'

  • District Magistrate / Additional District Magistrate / Collector / Deputy Commissioner / Additional Deputy Commissioner / First Class Scholarship Magistrate / Sub-Divisional Magistrate / Taluka Magistrate Executive Magistrate / Additional Assistant Commissioner
  • Chief Presidency Magistrate / Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate / Presidency Magistrate
  • Revenue Officer (not below the rank of Tehsildar)
  • Subdivisional officer or area where the candidate and / or his family
    Live normally.


  • Income Certificate
  • Caste Certificate
  • Aadhar Card
  • PAN Card
  • Bank Statement
  • Self Declaration Certificate

Download ews certificate form

To get an EWS certificate, you need an EWS Certificate Form. By the way, the form of EWS certificate can also be purchased from the shops as well as the free form can be obtained from the office.

But we will provide you the link of PDF to download Ews Form Pdf here, so that you can easily download PDF of Ews Certificate Form, after that you can get the print out.

full form of ews full form


For Nursery: On 31 March 2020, the child’s age should be between three years to five years.

For KG: On 31 March 2020, the child’s age should be between four years to six years.
For Class 1: On 31 March 2020, the child’s age should be between five years and seven years.

EWS Reservation Eligibility - Do all states in India have the same criteria?

The above criteria are given by the Central Government.

States in India can decide what will be the income criteria for EWS in their state. States can also increase or decrease the income limit set by the Center for their state.

Difference between EWS reservation and OBC reservation

27% reservation is provided for non-creamy layer candidates among Other Backward Communities (OBC). However, only 10% reservation is allowed for the economically weaker sections among general category candidates.

Apart from its quota, relaxation in age limit, number of opportunities and cut-off marks are available for OBC, SC and ST. The age limit or efforts so far for economically weaker candidates among general category candidates. There may be a separate cut-off for EWS quota. As in OBC, SC and ST.

FAQs Related To EWS

Q-1. What is the full form of EWS certificate?

Ans: Economically Weaker Section

Q-2. Can OBC people apply for EWS?

Ans: No

Q-3. What is the Validity of EWS Certificate?

Ans: 1 Year

Q-4. Can we apply online for EWS Certificate?

Ans: You can apply online in a few states for the EWS certificate. You can check in your state to apply EWS certificate online or not. Currently, EWS certificate can be applied online in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Q-5. Will the candidates get any relaxation in age and number of exam attempts under the EWS Certificate?

Ans: No, EWS candidates will get only 10% quota in seats. Other examination conditions such as age limit and number of attempts will remain the same for any ‘normal’ candidate.


In India, there are two types of seats – merit seats and reserved seats. Merit seats are open to all, while reserved seats are provided for different categories, so that they can be uplifted.

There are different types of reservation quotas in India – OBC quota, SC quota, ST quota etc. EWS quota is the latest reservation quota.

Persons who do not come under the scheme of reservation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes and whose gross annual income of the family is less than Rs. 8 lakhs, are given only as EWS for the benefit of reservation. Is recognized.

Further, individuals whose family has or have any of the following assets will not be given the benefit of EWS reservation: –

  • 5 acres or more of agricultural land
  • A residential flat of 1000 square feet and above
  • Residential plots of 100 square yards and above in notified municipalities
  • A residential, plot of 200 square yards in areas other than notified municipalities.

If you are an eligible candidate under the EWS reservation quota – then use the benefits provided by the government for the economically weaker section.

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1 Response

  1. August 31, 2020

    […] Suggested Read: Full Form Of EWS – What is EWS Certificate And How To Apply […]

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